• The greatest problem facing the banking business globally today is fraud.
• The banking trade loses billions of dollars annually to fraudulent activities.
• A number of the frauds are executed efficiently by outsiders while a reasonable number is efficiently perpetuated with the connivance of an insider/staff.
• Anyone can perpetuate a fraud.
FALSE ASSUMPTION ABOUT FRAUD
Beneath are some false assumptions about fraud:
1. Most people is not going to commit fraud.
Response: A overwhelming majority of individuals, beneath sure circumstances, will commit fraud particularly if they are convinced that it’s going to go undetected. Due to this fact everyone must be assumed to tend to commit fraud.
2. Fraud is just not material.
Response: Fraud could be very material and it’s capable of eroding the working capital of any organization which consequently outcomes to illiquidity and insolvency.
3. Most fraud goes undetected.
Response: Most frauds are detected over time especially if due process and process is followed.
4. Fraud might be well concealed and the auditor cannot detect it.
Response: There may be normally a loop gap that may ultimately come to the open. With a sound internal management procedure, such fraud will ultimately be detected.
A well trained auditor can simply detect a fraud following properly designed audit program.
5. Those who are caught and prosecuted should not wise.
Response: The employees with fraudulent intentions think that those caught aren’t smart and the mindset of a first-time fraudster is both: I’m just going to do it once or, I am too smart to get caught.
COMMON TYPES OF FRAUD
Widespread types of fraud in banking embody the next:
1. Cheque substitution
2. Cheque Suppression
3. Cheque cloning
4. Cheque kitting
5. Cheque alteration
6. Teeming and lading
7. Claiming unearned overtime allowance
8. Dry posting
9. Accumulating fees due from unauthorized and unofficial lengthy duration phone calls
10. Overstating claims for reimbursement
11. Deposit suppression
12. Adding fictitious names to the payroll
13. Overcharging clients
14. Removing cash directly from vault, till box, petty money and many others
15. Acquiring funds for false invoices either self-prepared or obtained provider or vendor (e.g. Hotel, air ticket and so on).
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO FRAUD
• Growing complexity within the construction of a corporation
• Rising speed of transaction dynamics
• Improved technological advancement which help the benefit with which transactions are concluded
• History of inattention of supervisors
• Understaffing which might cause a breakdown of dual management
• Acceptance of some level of fraud as ‘price of doing business’.
• Outdated and ineffective management measures that don’t meet settle forable world standard.
• Enhance in staff turnover which technically could lead to understaffing
• Aggressive accounting entries all within the bid to put up profit.
The next are traits of a fraudulent workers which should put supervisors and associates on guard:
1. An employee who commonly borrows small amounts of money from different colleagues
2. An employee who asks to “hold” his or her personal cheque before negotiating it
3. A staff who frequently closes late and does not go on vacation.
4. Low or inadequate salary levels employees
5. Employees who show resentment at not being handled pretty or being taken advantage of
6. Superiors who lack respect and appreciation for employees
7. Highly domineering senior administration
8. Staff who look like living, and spending above their means
9. Split purchases
10. Bid process irregularities
11. Similar bidders time and time once more
12. Payment of invoices from a replica quite than an original
13. Uncommon sequence of numbers on vendor invoices
EFFECTS OF FRAUD
Fraud has far reaching effect on the group and the society at large.
• Fraud can deplete the working capital of any organization which will culminate ultimately to distress.
• Disengagement of staff and the associated social hazards to the employees and his dependant.
• Loss of confidence of customers, suppliers, creditors, contractors and shareholders on the organization and the industry.
FRAUD ALERT AND PREVENTION TIPS
1. Assume everyone can commit fraud under the best circumstances.
2. Use your information of inner control to “think dirty” after which check out your suspicions.
3. Keep in mind that good documentation doesn’t imply something occurred; only that someone mentioned it happened.
4. Take note of paperwork themselves and the supporting paperwork, observing the consistency of numbers, dates amount.
5. Consider the reasonableness of account balances and accounting entries, particularly adjustments
6. Develop relationships and take note of hints or rumors of wrongdoing. Observe up. Remember that individuals are often torn between their ethical standards and their reluctance to get involved. They seldom inform all they know in the first interview.
7. Check out hunches; first impressions are sometimes right.
8. Be inquisitive; don’t simply accept explanations, especially when you don’t understand them.
9. Use statistical sampling to pressure you to take a look at objects you wouldn’t usually otherwise study
10. Search for patterns of bizarre transactions. (If you’re surprised, it is uncommon!)
As a result of rising chorus for prosperity, vast majority are not prepared to sweat it on the market in making wealth. This has given rise to various sharp practises (fraud) leading to many being caught and jailed. Honesty, diligence, hard-work is the only route to enduring wealth with lengthy-life. Do not involve in any sort of fraud!
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